• Ubuntu is an entirely open source operating system built around the Linux kernel.
  • Ubuntu will always be free of charge, and there is no extra fee for the "enterprise edition," we make our very best work available to everyone on the same Free terms.
  • Ubuntu includes the very best in translations and accessibility infrastructure that the free software community has to offer, to make Ubuntu usable for as many people as possible.
  • Ubuntu is released regularly and predictably; a new release is made every six months. You can use the current stable release or the current development release. Each release is supported for at least 18 months.

Install The Application via The Source Code

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In the previous post described how to install applications on ubuntu via Terminal & Ubuntu Software Center from ubuntu repository also the installation of application from the Debian Package Installer. This time will explain how to install the application through the source code. Usually the source code files are compressed in a tar.gz or tar.bz2 format & in that file, you will found a file named README or INSTALL. We recommended that you open & read the README or INSTALL file first before installing the source code because in the file will be explained how to install it also some additional configuration that may be required.

In general, the steps of installation on linux/ubuntu from source code is as follows :
  1. Extract the file tar.gz or tar.bz2
  2. tar -xzvf filename.tar.gz
    tar -xjvf filename.tar.bz2
    This creates a directory filename
  3. Change into the directory extracted.
  4. cd filename
  5. Configuring the source code. This step is to ascertain whether the source code ready to be compiled into a program.
  6. ./configure
  7. Compiling source code.
  8. make
  9. Installing the program compilation. When doing this you must be root. If you've done as a normal user, you can become root by adding the sudo command. It'll ask you the root password and then you're ready for the final step.
  10. sudo make install
Installation steps should not as mentioned above. In some circumstances, you must customize the command, especially when configuring.


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